Monthly Archives: October 2016

The Secrets Behind Diabetes Type 2

109There are plenty of diseases in this world that we can acquire either genetically, through viruses or bacteria and through our daily lifestyle. If we are not careful enough with regards to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, then most probably we will acquire some of the world’s known diseases. This is a problem to all especially those individuals having hereditary diseases because they can never escape it once it already runs in their blood. It may be prevented or perhaps managed, but the fact that it is there, it will always be there.

Diabetes Mellitus is one hereditary disease that has been feared ever since before. This type of disease when not given the right and proper medical attention will lead to several health complications such as coma, heart attack, and several organ dysfunctions. Hearing this alone can already bring goose bumps down the spine.

It is a must that we have to know the background of a certain disease. This is for our own good and it will enable us to become alert and prepared whenever signs and symptoms will occur. Going back to diabetes mellitus, did you know that this type of disease has subtypes? Diabetes has subtypes namely type 1 diabetes, type 2 and gestational diabetes. All three have different symptoms and they have different managements as well. We will tackle more about type 2 diabetes mellitus, the different symptoms and its management since this type of diabetes is considered chronic and can be fatal.

Type 2 diabetes also known as noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition which has greatly affected the body’s ability to metabolize blood sugar. And for those who do not know, sugar or glucose is the main chemical responsible for the energy we use in our day to day activities. If this type of diabetes is left untreated, in can lead to more damaging effects to the body and may lead to sudden death.

Diabetes type 2 symptoms include having an increased thirst, hunger, weight loss, increased fatigue and may even lead to blurring of vision. The patient may also experience having frequent visits to the comfort room due to increased urination as well. There is poor wound healing and if not given medical attention, may lead to the amputation of a certain body part that is prone to having wounds like the feet and bare hands.

Diabetes type 2 management is focused primarily on lifestyle changes and following a strict diabetic diet. Daily exercise should be done as this will help to control the blood sugar in the body. Eating the right amount of foods particularly carbohydrates is important for the control of blood glucose as well. Having a balanced diet of fruits and vegetables will help keep you away from any further complications. There are some type 2 diabetic clients who still need to have oral medications of insulin or perhaps insulin injections. It depends upon the management of the physician and the presenting signs and symptoms.

If you do not want to have this type of disease, it is best that you consult your doctor that way you can be assessed and for you to determine if you have any other underlying diseases. In times like this, we need to pay attention with our health because it is truly a life’s treasure.

Where Does Parkinson’s Disease Come From?

108Parkinson’s disease abbreviated as (PD) is in fact a disease that is resulted due to disorder of an entire group of motor system. It happens because of the loss of those brain cells that produce dopamine. Most of the times, people who suffer from this disease have age of 50 or more. Common symptoms of this disorder are trembling and tremors of the legs, slow and shaky movements, and stiffness of limbs, instability and impaired balance. This disease gets severe day by day with the increase in the age. As a result, people suffering from this disease even feel trouble in doing many day to day tasks such as walking and talking etc. Since today no one is sure that when this diseases starts, There is speculation that this disease is activated due to age and environmental factors. There are other people who think that it is a hereditary disease. It has also been observed that men are affected by the disease more than women.

This disease usually starts very quietly. One may feel minor trembling in ones hands. It may also happen that other people might notice that you are moving slowly and very carefully. These symptoms are faint and start gradually. Moreover, symptoms of this disease vary from person to person. One may feel trembling of his knees first of all, other may feel stiffness of jaw, neck and face stiff. There may be another case where a person might feel dizziness and unbalanced before other symptoms may appear. Emotional changes may also take place such as difficulty in sleeping and depression etc.

Levapoda is a drug which is used for the cure of this disease. It is in fact a natural substance that is present in our body. When it is taken in the form of a pill, it goes to the brain and produces dopamine. It works well in the early stages of this disease. But till a few years back it was considered to be incurable. Now with the introduction of stem cell therapy, this disease is considered to be curable.

When stem cells are injected in the body of the diseased person they get dispersed and start producing growth factors. These growth factors with the help of blood vessels produce new blood cells. These new and healthy cells replace the disease causing cells and lead the person to a healthy life all over again. This is a painless procedure which requires no surgery and only injection of stem cells in the body. Recovery period of the disease is also very fast. Getting this treatment allows the person to get rid of this disease once and for all.

In short it will not be wrong to say that PD is a neurological disorder that is chronic. It has been causing real problems for people. No one knows exactly where this disease comes from. Some think it is due to the age of the person and others think that it is a hereditary disease. With the introduction of stem cell therapy now it is curable in a very easy and short way.

Is Alcoholism Hereditary?

Father Sits On Sofa With Children Smoking And Drinking

The topic of much medical debate is can alcoholics pass their disease on to their children? Many signs are pointing to yes but not in the typical fashion.

With a “typical” disease, our genetic makeup can contribute to if we are more vulnerable to diseases such as cancer, or other medical diseases. However there is no genetic makeup that will make our kids crave alcohol.

So does that mean that there are certain personality traits that can be inherited from our genetic makeup that could make our kids more prone to turning to alcohol down the line? Studies are showing that there are, although these characteristics are usually only partially inherited.

So while it’s not genetically inherited, alcoholism can pass from one generation to the next due to the influence of the environment. If you are a child of an alcoholic you are 4 times more likely to grow up to be an alcoholic than someone who isn’t a child of an alcoholic. This is true even if you live in a house with an alcoholic and it doesn’t have to be a parent. It could be a sibling or aunt who lives with you. If you think about it, this makes a lot of sense. You grow up watching your parents in this behavior and it tends to be learned. You become a product of your environment. If you grow up learning that the only way to deal with a stressful situation is to have a drink then that is what you are going to do.

I have a childhood friend whose mother was an alcoholic and sad to say she started drinking when she was seventeen. By 21 she was a full fledge alcoholic who insisted to everyone that she didn’t have a drinking problem and she could stop drinking whenever she wanted to. These were the exact words she had heard her mother countless times through out the years. It was her mother’s death from liver failure that finally woke up her up and got her to open her eyes. She finally got help by joining AA and has been sober for 4 years.

This isn’t to say though that everyone who grows up in a home with an alcoholic is bound to be an alcoholic, there is just a greater risk. There are some people who realize that what they see at home is not always right and they take steps to avoid falling into the same traps they have seen. My husband comes from a family of alcoholics. His uncle, brother and cousin are all recovering alcoholics. Because of what he saw them go through, and he watched them fall deeper and deeper into the disease that he gave up drinking once our first daughter was born nearly 2 years ago.

Genetic Predisposition Testing for Cancer

106This includes wanting to know whether or not they are predisposed to getting a certain disease or disorder. Cancer is one disease about which people wonder. After all, in our current society we are suffering from a cancer epidemic. More and more people are getting cancer everyday and there are those who would prefer to know if they are at a higher risk for getting the disease.

Cancer is somewhat of a special disease because it affects each of its victims in such individual ways. It appears in specific areas of the body, manifests in different ways, and each person responds differently to treatment. No one is really sure what causes cancer or why it has become so prevalent in our society. What researchers have figured out is that just 10% of cancers are hereditary. The other 90% are due to environmental factors, such as diet, radiation, pollution, and the diminishment of the ozone layer. When it comes to the environmentally-caused cancers, the genes that cause the cancer develop during the life of the person. However, when it comes to the few cancers that are hereditary, there is actually a gene that is susceptible to mutation that is passed from parent to child.

The cancers that are hereditary include breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and bladder cancer. For those people who inherit a cancer-causing gene from a parent, this does not mean they will develop that cancer. The benefit of genetic predisposition testing for people who have hereditary cancer in their family is that, should they have inherited the cancer-causing gene from a parent, they will be forewarned. Since even hereditary cancers have an environmental factor in their formation, those who know that they have inherited the gene can make the necessary lifestyle and environmental changes to help reduce the chances that the disease will develop.

What aspects of a person’s lifestyle can they change to help minimize the chances of developing a hereditary cancer or any other kind of cancer? Really, these are things that we are told on a regular basis and that will help improve our overall level of health and well being. They include not smoking, limiting the intake of alcohol, getting regular exercise, keeping weight down, and eating a healthy diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. It is also important for those who find through genetic predisposition testing that they have the gene for a certain type of cancer to be examined on a regular basis to allow for early detection. This gives these people a better chance of curing the disease should they get it.

Ultimately, a known genetic predisposition to a disease does not sentence a person to developing that disease. Knowledge gives the power to take steps to ensure the disease does not develop, and since most cancers are caused by environmental factors, everyone would do well to follow the lifestyle advice given here.

Huntington’s Disease – Is It a Genetic Disorder?

105Huntington’s disease is a genetic disorder of the brain, and it affects people of all races through out the world. Huntington’s disease is a hereditary disease. It is believed that there is nearly 50% chance of inheriting the disease, by the children of parents who are afflicted with Huntington’s. The disease gets its name from George Huntington, an American physician. He published a paper on what he called “hereditary chorea” in 1872. In the paper published by him he has tried to correctly describe the consequences of this disease on various generations of a family living in Long Island, New York. An interesting fact is that George Huntington’s father, George Lee Huntington, and grandfather, Dr. Abel Huntington, who were both physicians, have also registered their reflections on the same stricken Long Island family. The findings of his father and grandfather had an impact on the young George Huntington’s and these findings played an important role in publishing his paper.

Huntington’s disease is classified as “trinucleotide repeat disorders” which is one of various genetic neurological diseases. Each of the diseases shows many physical, behavioral and cognitive symptoms. But when it comes to Huntington’s, the behavioral and cognitive symptoms differ from patient to patient and are generally not discerned early during the disease’s progression. Physical indications are the same among all patients. Doctors who diagnose the disease usually take these physical symptoms as the first sign. Distinctive physical indications of Huntington diseases are random, unmanageable jerky movements called chorea, which is derived from Greek meaning “circle dance”. The symptoms become worse with the progression of the disease and it results in walking, swallowing and talking troubles. Cognitive and behavioral indications also worsen in the latter stages of the disease. However, Huntington’s disease by itself does not result in death; but cumbersomeness, from the disease such as asphyxiating or infection may cause death.

The attack of physical symptoms of Huntington’s disease can occur at any age, but it should be noted that the disease mostly starts in people in their mid-life, between 30 and 50. Almost nearly 15 or 20 years after the first physical indications show themselves, death will occur. Approximately 10% of Huntington’s start in patients who are below the age of 10. This form of the disease is known as Juvenile Huntington’s Disease.

Research

In 1993, the Huntington’s Disease Collaborative Research Group separated the exact gene which is accountable for the disease. This study resulted in accurately testing the disease only through a blood sample. Before this research, the disease had to be tested by a process of linkage analysis. This testing method involved blood samples taken from various members in a family with a history of Huntington’s. Testing for Huntington’s disease, particularly in minors, have much moral significance. Since a positive test for Huntington’s in an individual will entail their family members as being at risk from the disease. Testing for Huntington’s is mostly not extended to those below 18 years of age.

The exact mechanism of the disease is not yet known. An all-inclusive research is being carried out on the causes and probable remedies of Huntington’s. Intrabody therapy, where genetically engineered intracellular antibody fragments are introduced to fight Huntington’s and various other neurological disorders shows promise. Other techniques utilizing innovative genetic and medical technology such as gene silencing and stem cell implants are also under way. Several new drugs to help combat the symptoms of Huntington’s are also being tested with some like HD-02 and ACR-16 reaching phase-3 clinical trials, which are encouraging signs of the drugs’ efficacy.