Warning Signs & Symptoms of Pituitary Tumors

113Hormones produced by the pituitary gland control functioning of many other glands within the body. Hormones which are produced by the pituitary gland include prolactin, adrenocoticotropic hormone (ACTH), growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone & luteinizing hormone (LH). Having certain genetic conditions is generally found to increase risk of developing tumors. Whatever is found to increase risk of developing a medical condition is known as a risk factor. However, having a certain risk factor does not mean that a person will develop cancer. Patients must therefore talk to neurologists in case they think they are at risk of developing brain tumors. Risk factors for developing pituitary tumors include the following hereditary diseases.

· Carney Complex

· Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MENI 1) Syndrome

· Isolated Familial Acromegaly

Signs & Symptoms of Pituitary Tumors

Signs & symptoms of pituitary tumors normally include problems with vision & certain physical changes. These can be caused either by growth of tumor or by hormones which the pituitary adenoma is making or with other types of conditions. Moreover, some pituitary tumors may cause no signs or symptoms at all. However, people must check with their doctors in case they are having any of these problems.

· Signs & Symptoms of Non-Functioning Pituitary Tumors

There are cases where tumors are found to be pressing or even damaging parts of pituitary gland & thereby causing the gland to stop producing one of more hormones. Lesser quantity of a certain hormone will eventually affect the working of gland or hormone over which the hormone exerts control. In these situations the following signs & symptoms may occur.

o Headache

o Loss of body hair

o Partial loss of vision

o Less frequent or no menstrual periods or no milk from breasts in some women

o Lower sex drive in both men & women

o Loss of facial hair in men along with growth of breast tissue & impotence

o Slow growth & sexual development in children

Most types of pituitary adenoma which make FSH & LH generally do not make enough extra hormones so as to cause any signs & symptoms. These tumors are therefore considered as non-functioning tumors.

· Signs & Symptoms of Functioning Pituitary Tumors

Signs & symptoms will eventually depend upon the type of hormone which is produced when functioning tumors are making extra hormones.

Too Much of Prolactin Can Cause the Following

o Headache

o Part loss of vision

o Less frequent or absence of menstrual periods or very light flow during menstrual periods

o Inability or trouble becoming pregnant

o Lower sex drive

o Impotence in men

o Breast milk flow in women who are neither pregnant or breast-feeding

Too Much ACTH May Cause the Following

o Headache

o Part loss of vision

o Lump of fat on the back of neck

o Weight gain in face, neck & trunk of the body along with thin arms & legs

o Growth of fine hair on face, upper back or arms

o Easy bruising

o Skin may have pink or purple stretch marks on chest or abdomen

o Anxiety, depression & irritability

o Bones which break easily

Too Much of Growth Hormone May Cause the Following

o Headache

o Part loss of vision

o Acromegaly – Growth of bones in face, hands & feet in adults

o Acromegaly – Whole body may grow larger or taller in children

o Sweating more than normal

o Joint pain

o Pauses or snoring in breathing during sleep

o Numbness or tingling in fingers & hands

o Dysmorphophobia – Extreme dislike or obsessive concern about one or more parts of the body

Too Much Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone May Cause the Following

o Irregular heartbeat

o Weight loss

o Shakiness

o Trouble sleeping

o Sweating

o Frequent bowel movements

Other General Signs & Symptoms of Pituitary Tumors

o Seizures

o Dizziness

o Confusion

o Nausea & vomiting

o Drippy or running nose concerning cerebrospinal & spinal cord leaks

Affordable Pituitary Tumor Treatments in India

Pituitary tumor surgery is a primary mode of treatment for both cancerous & noncancerous pituitary tumors. While neurosurgery around the world is exorbitant & may even cost the moon in some places, pituitary adenoma treatment in India for international patients is an excellent opportunity. Pituitary adenoma surgery costs in India are comparatively down to earth & without any compromise on quality. International patients who are willing to travel beyond their homeland can avail affordable pituitary adenoma surgery for all types of brain tumors at a fraction of the cost they would need to pay in countries like Australia, UK, Germany, Canada & United States.